Module One

Introduction to Whole Body Vibration

pdf document (39 pages) sample page

Document Summary

Part A - Gravity and Health
Gravity is one of the four universal forces without which our galaxy, our solar system and our planet would not exist. As a species, and as children, we developed in a world with gravity so had to develop systems to cope with it's constant downward pull. Gravity has always been considered a constant, until we ventured into space and experienced long term microgravity environments. Prolonged weightlessness produces rapid deteriorating effects on human physiology and we now recognise these same effects in microgravity environments on earth, eg. bed rest and the sedentary. Hypergravity training programs are offering new opportunities to maintain and promote healthy living.

Part B - How Whole Body Vibration works
Health Professionals have been using short-term vibration in varying forms for many years. At low frequencies vibration can be used to relax muscles - indeed, in the past physiotherapists have put children with spasticity (high muscle tone) onto washing machines to help break the muscle spasm. Whilst at high frequencies physiotherapists use vibration to wake a muscle up or to stimulate it. Whole body vibration is implemented through the use of a vibrating platform on which exercises can be performed. The intensity and the direction of these vibrations are essential for their effect. How vibration affects the body involves a number of reactions and systems, specifically the anti-gravity muscles are stimulated to work by the stretch reflex via the muscle spindles. Researched benefits have been demonstrated to include muscle strength and power, flexibility, balance/falls prevention, incontinence, bone strength, tendon rehabitation, peripheral circulation and more.

Part C - Practical application
Before commencing on any training program all users must be aware of the contraindication, side effects and potential dangers of whole body vibration. Basic training considerations are discussed including the effects of frequency, amplitude, time, intensity, positioning, dampening and functionality.

Table of Contents

Part A - Gravity and Health
Gravitational Theory
Practical Gravitation
G-Forces
Evolution
From Water to Land
From Four Legs to Two
Ontogeny Recapitulates Phylogeny
Antigravity Muscles and the Stretch Reflex
Life with Gravity
Space and Microgravity
Microgravity on Earth
Bed Rest
Aging and Decrepitude
De-Evolution
Gravity and Good Health
Good Posture
Stand, Don't Sit
Smarter Exercise
Hyper Gravity
Part B - An Introduction to Whole Body Vibration
History of Whole Body Vibration
How it Works
Occupational Health and Safety
Training Effects of Whole Body Vibration
Immediate and Short Term Effects
Long Term Effects
Side Effects
Type of Whole Body Vibration
Discussion
References (32)
Part C - Practical Whole Body Vibration
Contraindications
Caution/Side Effects
Elderly
Diabetics
Incontinence
Basic Training Instructions
Socks/Shoes
Frequency
5-6 Hz Standing/Balance Improvement
10-14 Hz Circulation, Relaxation and Recovery
18-25 Hz Muscle Strength and Power
28-30 Hz Muscle Tone. Rehabilitation of Tendon and Bone
40-50Hz Muscle and Skin Toning
Amplitude
Time
Intensity
Don't Overdo It!
Dampening
Position
Functionality
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